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Sidon or Saïda is the third-largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the South Governorate of Lebanon, on the Mediterranean coast, about 40km north of Tyre and 40km south of the capital, Beirut. In Genesis, Sidon is a son of Canaan, a grandson of Noah. Its name coincides with the modern Arabic word for 'fishery'.HistorySidon has been inhabited since very early in prehistory. The archaeological site of Sidon II shows a lithic assemblage dating to the Acheulean, whilst finds at Sidon III include a Heavy Neolithic assemblage suggested to date just prior to the invention of pottery. It was one of the most important Phoenician cities, and it may have been the oldest. From there and other ports a great Mediterranean commercial empire was founded. Homer praised the skill of its craftsmen in producing glass, purple dyes, and its women's skill at the art of embroidery. It was also from here that a colonizing party went to found the city of Tyre. Tyre also grew into a great city, and in subsequent years there was competition between the two, each claiming to be the metropolis of Phoenicia. Glass manufacturing, Sidon's most important enterprise in the Phoenician era, was conducted on a vast scale, and the production of purple dye was almost as important. The small shell of the Murex trunculus was broken in order to extract the pigment that was so rare it became the mark of royalty.Make Sidon central to your Lebanon travel plans using our Lebanon itinerary planner.
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Top Sidon tours
Private Tour shouf (beiteddine, cedars, niha fortress)including traditional food BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $110
Duration: 6 to 9 hours
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8 days in Lebanon BY A USER FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES October, popular sights Preferences: October Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 2 days in South Governorate BY A USER FROM LEBANON August, popular sights Preferences: August Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 15 days in Lebanon & Nabatieh Governorate BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, popular sights Preferences: September, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 1 day in Sidon BY A USER FROM LEBANON June, popular sights Preferences: June Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 7 days in Lebanon & Madrid BY A USER FROM SPAIN May, popular sights Preferences: May Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 8 days in Lebanon BY A USER FROM ROMANIA March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems Preferences: March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced