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Trip Planner Europe  /  Ukraine  /  Kharkiv Oblast  /  Izyum

Izyum

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Bodies of Water
Izium, is a city situated on the Donets River in Kharkiv Oblast of eastern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of Izium Raion, Izium is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. It is located approximately 75 miles southeast of the oblast capital, Kharkiv. Population:HistoryFirst mentioned in 1571 in connection with the Izium Warpath of the Crimean Tatars.In 1639 was mentioned as small outpost.In 1681 Russian fortress was built here, in 1684 - the five-domed Baroque cathedral of the Saviour's Transfiguration (The cathedral was renovated in 1902 and restored in 1955).Later, Izyum was a significant centre of the Sloboda Ukraine and home to a regiment of Cossacks between 1688 and 1765.In 1765 Izyum became a city.In 1780 Izyum became an uyezd city.The churches of Ascension (1819–21) and of St. Nicholas (1809–23) rank among the finest Neoclassical buildings in the region.World War IIDuring World War II, the Red Army held a large bridgehead here, allowing for a salient that was cut off by counterattacking German forces (during the Second Battle of Kharkov) and eliminated in one of the most expensive learning errors for the Red Army. Izium was occupied by the German Army from 24 June 1942 to 5 February 1943.
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