Citania de Briteiros, Guimaraes

4.5
#7 of 21 in Historic Sites in Guimaraes
Ruin · Hidden Gem · Tourist Spot
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The Citânia de Briteiros is an archaeological site of the Castro culture located in the civil parish of Briteiros São Salvador e Briteiros Santa Leocádia in the municipality of Guimarães; important for its size, "urban" form and developed architecture, it is one of the more excavated sites in northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Although primarily known as the remains of an Iron Age proto-urban hill fort (or oppidum), the excavations at the site have revealed evidence of sequential settlement, extending from the Bronze to Middle Ages.HistoryThe site was probably constructed between the first and second century BCE. Notes by Martins Sarmento and from recent explorations show that the Monte de São Romão was a favoured location for rock art engravings of the Atlantic Bronze Age, in the beginning of the first millennium BCE; it is not known when or why this first group left. Numerous early engraved rock surfaces were destroyed when many boulders were cut to build the ramparts and family compounds as the Castro settlement grew. Little is known of the beginnings of the Castro occupation, as no structures from the late Bronze Age have been found. Pottery from the early Iron Age has been found, when the settlement would already have been fortified. The majority of the ruins visible today have been dated from the second Iron Age, especially the last two centuries BCE. To visit Citania de Briteiros and get the most from your holiday in Guimaraes, create itinerary details personal to you using our Guimaraes trip itinerary maker app.
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Citania de Briteiros reviews

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Google
4.4
TripAdvisor
  • This was an amazing find! Winding paths through an excavated ancient village, with many remains of huts from 2nd century BC. It is a true archaeological find and very interesting to explore. Maps.....  more
    This was an amazing find! Winding paths through an excavated ancient village, with many remains of huts from 2nd century BC. It is a true archaeological find and very interesting to explore. Maps.....  more »
  • Unknown to most travellers, this piece of history is fascinating. Located in the mountains of northern Portugal, it was rediscovered by archeologists in recent years and the 2000 year old remnants.....  more
    Unknown to most travellers, this piece of history is fascinating. Located in the mountains of northern Portugal, it was rediscovered by archeologists in recent years and the 2000 year old remnants.....  more »
Google
  • Great for archaeology buffs. A b-attraction worth visiting when passing by for everyone else. Info brochure could use an update.
  • I have visited plenty of ruins, but this place took me completely by surprise. You can travel back in time to pre-Roman civilization and see the progress through time of the Celt/Roman/Portuguese empires. Will be visiting it's sister spot in Cinfães

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